Vietnam says it has developed a vaccine, a first

Vietnam says it has developed a vaccine, a first

This is a world premiere. Vietnam announced on Wednesday 1er June developed, in partnership with US researchers, a vaccine to be administered to pigs to control African swine fever. On Friday, Vietnamese authorities are expected to issue a marketing authorization for the Vietnam vaccine only.

But Hanoi also wants to be able to sell it abroad, to help countries where the epidemic is wreaking havoc on livestock. “Vaccine production is a historic event (…). We also aim for export. ”, Deputy Minister of Agriculture Phung Duc Tien said on Wednesday. He did not provide an export timetable or estimate of Vietnam’s production capacity.

African swine fever, which is harmless to humans but devastating to livestock, was first detected in Vietnam in February 2019. Since then, the country has had to slaughter millions of animals. To date, no commercial vaccine has been available in the world to prevent this disease.

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A term of immunity of six months

The Vietnamese vaccine has been developed since 2020 in partnership with US experts. Five clinical trials were conducted. “His immunity period is six months”, said Mr. Tien. Its safety and effectiveness have been confirmed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s agricultural research department, he said.

Although the swine fever epidemic has receded in Vietnam, allowing farmers to replenish their herds, the virus continues to wreak havoc in parts of the world.

Between January 2020 and April 2022, more than 1.1 million cases, reported in 35 countries on five continents, were reported in domestic pigs, according to data from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) .

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The World with AFP

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