Scarlet fever is a bacterial microbe that causes a characteristic red rash and mainly affects children.
Health experts have warned parents against the signs disease highly contagious, scarlet fever, after learning recently that the number of cases has reached a record high since the 1960s. Here’s what you need to know.
80% of cases of scarlet fever affect children under the age of 10, and these cases are on the rise.
Parents are on high alert as the number of cases has skyrocketed across the country.
During the week before the 1st April1,624 cases were recorded.
And in the last three months, cases of the disease have skyrocketed, with reports of scarlet fever 2.3 times higher than during the same 13-week period in 2017, 2016 and 2015.
Between January and in March this year, 15,500 cases of scarlet fever were recorded in England, double the number last year and the highest since 1982, according to Public Health England (PHE).
Nick Phin, Deputy Director of the National Infection Service at PHE, said: While it is not uncommon to see an increase in case scarlet fever at this time of year, the figures we observed this year have not been seen since 1982, when the PHE took over the collection of data on notifiable diseases.
And during the winter months, 11,981 cases were recorded, up from 4,480 in the same five-month period, twelve months earlier.
Scarlet fever is feared to reach epidemic proportions, with the highest number of reported cases since the 1960s.
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Dr. Theresa Lamagni of Public Health England said: “If the current rates are far from those of the early 1900s, the magnitude of the recent resurgence is greater than any documented in the last century.
Bacterial scarlet fever infection, which causes a characteristic pink rash, is more common in children89% of recent cases have been reported in children 10 years of age or younger.
This contagious virus is transmitted through the air and the bacteria can even be transported on people uninfected.
What is scarlet fever?
This contagious disease is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes, which can spread to the skin and throat.
It usually affects children between the ages of 5 and 15 and often results in fever and a large red rash on the body.
From September to the end of January 2017, 369 cases were reported in the West Midlands, up from 309 in the same period last year.
Meanwhile, in London, the cases are past from 336 to 386 and in the Northwest, 546 against 500, over the same period.
The disease is so contagious that it spreads easily in the event of an epidemic.
You can get scarlet fever by breathing bacteria from droplets suspended in the air, touching the skin of an infected person, or sharing towels, bathtubs, clothing, or clothing. linge of contaminated bedding.
It can be caught by people who carry the virus but are not necessarily infected themselves.
What are the symptoms of scarlet fever?
The first ones signs Warnings of this bacterium are a sore throat or skin infection, including blisters or impetigo.
People with scarlet fever may also suffer from headaches, high temperatures, red cheeks, and swollen tongue.
A day or two after these first symptoms, the sign the most visible of the disease manifests itself.
Red rash and dry tongue are some of the symptoms of scarlet fever.
Scarlet fever causes a large pink or red rash on the skin, which often itches and looks like sandpaper.
In addition, the NHS describes other symptoms to watch out for.
- swelling of the neck glands
a loss of appetite
nausea or vomiting
red lines in the folds of the body, such as the armpits, which may persist for a few days after the rash disappears.
a white coating on the tongue, which comes off a few days later, leaving the tongue red and swollen (then we speak of strawberry tongue)
a general feeling of discomfort.
People with scarlet fever are advised to wash their hands regularly after coughing to prevent the virus from spreading.
In the past, cases of scarlet fever could be extremely serious.
Fortunatelynowadays, cases are often mild and can be easily treated with antibiotics.
Parents are advised to make an appointment for their children at their local GP if they notice symptoms of this bacterium.