The United States will host 20,000 refugees from Latin America in 2023 and 2024, and release $ 314 million (€ 298 million) in humanitarian assistance, mainly to Venezuelan migrants, it said on Friday (June 10th). the White House. The announcements come at the close of the Los Angeles Summit of the Americas, during which U.S. leaders from across the region must make a statement on their immigration commitments.
The United States is therefore committed to opening its doors to 20,000 people, according to a statement from the US executive, which is three times the number of refugees received this year. By comparison, Washington has promised to welcome 100,000 Ukrainians after Russia’s invasion of the country.
The Biden administration also hears “Increase” the reception of Haitian refugees – without giving figures – and will issue 11,500 seasonal work visas for nationals of Haiti and Central America, in order to cope with labor shortages.
“Los Angeles Declaration”
Financially, the United States will provide $ 314 million in new funding for “Humanitarian Assistance and Development Aid for Refugees and Vulnerable Migrants” in Latin America. This program is primarily aimed at helping Venezuelans, whether at home or in the countries where they emigrated. More than 6 million Venezuelans have fled their country, plagued by a very serious economic and social crisis.
Neither Venezuela, nor Cuba, nor Nicaragua were invited to this large regional summit by Washington, which drew strong criticism from some of the leaders present and the outright boycott of Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador.
The “Los Angeles Declaration”, as the White House calls it, to be adopted, covers various commitments or reminders of past commitments by countries in the region regarding the reception of migrants and the regulation of flows. The text lays down the principle, dear to President Biden, of a “Shared responsibility” between states as thousands of people in an irregular situation try to enter the United States every day.
Belize will launch a program to regularize illegal immigrants, while Costa Rica will renew a temporary protection program for people from Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua.
Other examples: Mexico will increase the number of people eligible for a specific work permit program from 10,000 to 20,000, while Canada will open its borders to 50,000 agricultural workers.