Depuis plusieurs semaines, les Etats-Unis se rapprochent de Taïwan avec qui ils ont annoncé avoir lancé des discussions commerciales.

The United States is challenging China by launching trade negotiations with Taiwan


This is an initiative that will not ease tensions between China and the United States. The latter announced on Wednesday that they had launched bilateral trade talks with Taiwan. However, the issue is sensitive to Beijing, which considers the archipelago to be “the 43rd province of China”, without exercising any power over it. The country therefore disapproves of the US rapprochement, generally refusing to allow Taiwan to have any formal relations with foreign countries.

Like most states in the world, the United States does not officially recognize Taiwan, but strongly supports the island, whose status it emphasizes. ” democratic » by opposing it to what they consider to be a ” autocracy » Chinese. Washington and Taipei have been linked since 1994 by “A frame” for trade and investment and in 2002 Taiwan joined the World Trade Organization (WTO), contributing to the growth of bilateral trade. So much so that the United States has become its largest partner and arms supplier.

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Develop business relationships

The Americans took a new step last week by announcing that they want to strengthen their trade relations, which took place this Wednesday, through the meeting “Virtual” between U.S. Deputy Trade Representative Sarah Bianchi and Taiwan Minister John Deng. Together, they launched “The United States-Taiwan Trade Initiative for the 21st Century, with the goal of developing concrete ways to deepen” economic and trade relations, according to a statement from the US Ambassador for Trade (USTR).

The first meeting is to be held “Later this month in Washington under the auspices of Tecro”, the Taipei Office of Economic and Cultural Representation in the United States and the American Institute in Taiwan (AIT). Tecro represents Taiwan’s interests in the United States in the absence of formal diplomatic relations, functioning as a de facto embassy. With this initiative, the two states intend to facilitate their trade, to adopt ” healthy and transparent practices ” or to cooperate in favor of the environment or climate action, USTR detailed. They also “ intends to explore provisions to facilitate agricultural trade ” or to fight corruption. Logically, the next step should therefore be characterized by “to a binding framework agreement ’, as a U.S. administration official said she hoped, in a conference call with reporters.

The United States covets the Asia-Pacific region

Another initiative launched by the United States, this time in Asia-Pacific: Washington on May 23 unveiled a new partnership in this region of the globe, called the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF). If it is not a free trade agreement, it is nevertheless supposed to counterbalance China by facilitating integration between its signatory countries through the adoption of common standards in the digital sector, supply chains , green energy and the fight against corruption. Taiwan is not yet part of it, but according to a senior US official, this would not be ruled out. « We did not include Taiwan in the initial launch. However, in the future, we intend to take a flexible approach to IPEF participation. ”, she told reporters on Wednesday. She recalled the ” long-standing policy of a single China » applied by Washington, but said the Biden administration was also strong unofficial relationship with Taiwan, which it is committed to deepening. “.

Chinese aircraft raid over Taiwan

So many provocations for Beijing that he said he felt deliberately excluded from the IPEF. Washington seeks ” to form small cliques in the name of freedom and openness ” hoping contain China »criticized Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, considering the US project “Vow” to failure. Asked how Beijing might react to the announcement of the Taiwan-US bilateral trade initiative, another Biden official said: ” I will certainly not speculate or speak on behalf of Beijing. “.

Yet this reaction could go beyond words and have consequences for Taiwan. This is evidenced by the incursion of 30 Chinese planes into the archipelago’s air defense zone last Monday. This is the second largest incursion since January 23, when 39 planes entered the island’s air defense identification zone (“Adiz”, according to its acronym in English). In recent years, Beijing has launched raid campaigns in Taiwan’s defense zone to express its displeasure and keep pressure on Taipei’s aging air force. Taiwan is indeed under constant threat from an invasion of China that considers this territory its own and has promised to reclaim it, by force if necessary.

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Russia accuses US of throwing oil on fire, delivering new weapons to Ukraine

The Kremlin on Wednesday accused Washington of “throwing oil on the fire” following the announcement of the delivery of US missile systems to Kiev to repel the Russian offensive in Ukraine.

“The line of the United States is to fight Russia to the last Ukrainian. Such deliveries do not encourage Ukrainian leaders to want to restart peace talks. “, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on Wednesday. Accusing the United States of throwing away “Deliberately and carefully oil on fire”he reacted to the announcement of the delivery of US missile systems to Kiev to repel the Russian offensive in Ukraine.

That is exactly what US President Joe Biden said the day before New York Times. He explained that his country would ” provide Ukrainians with more advanced missile systems and ammunition that will allow them to more accurately hit key targets on the battlefield in Ukraine. ”. According to a senior White House official, these are Himars (High Mobility Artillery Rocket System) systems, multiple rocket launchers mounted on light armor, with a range of about 80 kilometers. However, no delivery date has been specified.

On Wednesday, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Riabkov hinted that such deliveries could increase the risk of a direct confrontation between Washington and Moscow. « All arms deliveries, which are continuing and growing, increase the risk of such a development. “he said, quoted by the RIA-Novosti news agency.