By Graziella L., Caroline J. · Posted on June 4, 2022 at 2:40 PM
Smallpox, known on the African continent, is very rare in Europe. However, the health authorities see a sudden increase in cases, including 51 confirmed in France. How is this new virus transmitted? We tell you everything.
After the Covid-19here is one new virus almost unknown in Europe worries health authorities. The smallpox is normally one a rare and endemic disease in West Africa, which is naturally transmitted from animals to humans. But unusually, the virus spread in a few days a dozen European countriesincluding France, as well as in North America. The European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) has stated that “follow the situation closely“and recommends”to isolate and test suspicious cases and notify them promptly“.
But what is the smallpox ? Also called “Monkeypox“, the disease seems impressive, but rather benign, since she normally takes care of herself. Less dangerous than human smallpox, it can still cause symptoms similar: fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills and fatigue. And smallpox is particularly well known rashes which occur mainly on the face, palms, but also on the genitals.
No treatment does not exist for this infection, which heals on its own after two or three weeks. However, there is one vaccine against smallpox 85% effective on the virus, according to thePasteur Institute. Is there a risk of an epidemic like with coronavirus? This remains unlikely, since one is needed very prolonged contact with an organic liquid of a person infected. The disease is transmitted between humans through the saliva or during sexual intercourse. The European health authorities, while reassuring, remain vigilant because the multiplication of households worries WHO.
Since the detection of a first French case last May 19, more precisely in Île-de-France, new cases have been identified. According to the latest report from Public Health France, 51 cases of monkeypox have now been confirmed in the country, mostly located in Île-de-France. For now, no deaths was not reported and two people case contacts have already been vaccinated.
“To date, these cases have occurred mainly, but not exclusively, in men who have sex with men (MSM), with no direct links to people returning from an endemic area. “explains in a statement Public health France which states that “the current European context is an alert and suggests contamination in Europe “. In addition, Public Health France indicates that the “Monkeypox monitoring of the mandatory reporting system is strengthened and information and alert messages are sent to healthcare professionals“.