How to factory reset MacBook, Mac Mini or iMac

You may need to factory reset MacBook to erase its data before selling or giving it away, and to fix problems on your device by reinstalling a clean version of macOS.

Factory reset MacBook

Factory resetting MacBook completely erases all data and settings and returns your MacBook to its original factory default state.

This will ensure that all corrupted and corrupted system files that were causing problems on your device are removed and a clean version of macOS can be installed on MacBook.

After the factory reset process is complete, you will find the options to reinstall macOS and also the option to restore Mac from Time Machine backup.

Things to do before factory reset

Before proceeding with the Mac factory reset steps, here are the things you need to know.

1. Transfer photos and files to an external drive: Connect an external hard drive or USB drive to Mac and easily drag and drop all your important files and photos to an external hard drive or USB flash drive.

2. Create a Time Machine backup: In addition, you can use Time Machine to back up everything on your Mac to an external hard drive.

3. Sign out of iCloud: Click on Apple logo in the top menu bar > system settings > AppleID > overview > Deliver.

4. Sign out of iMessage: Open news app > Select the Messages tab in the top menu bar > settings and click the Deliver Possibility.

5. Deauthorize Mac from your Apple account: Open music app > go to Account > Permissions and click Deauthorize this computer.

6. Unpair Bluetooth devices: Click on Apple logo in the top menu bar > system settings > Bluetooth > Remove all listed devices.

7. Reset NVRAM: Apple recommends that you reset NVRAM on your Mac before performing a factory reset.

How to factory reset MacBook

To factory reset MacBook, you need to start your device in recovery mode and use Disk Utility to format the hard drive in APFS or macOS Extended (Journaled) format.

The steps to start Mac in recovery mode vary depending on the type of processor (Intel or Apple M1) installed on your device and also whether the MacBook is equipped with the Apple T2 Security Chip.

You can check the processor type installed on your Mac by clicking Apple logo in the top menu bar and select About this Mac option in the drop down menu.

About this Mac option

You can verify and confirm if the Apple T2 Security Chip is installed on your device by clicking Apple logo > About this Mac > system information > controller and take a look at the entry alongside model name in the right area.

Apple T2 chip on Mac

Based on this information, you can use any of the following methods to factory reset your MacBook.

1. Factory reset Apple M1 MacBook

Close the Mac (When it is open) and follow the steps below to factory reset Apple M1 MacBook.

1. Hold down the power buttonuntil the message “Loading boot options” appears on your computer screen.

2. Release the power button and click options to access the recovery mode screen.

macOS recovery screen on M1 Mac

3. Make your selection on the next screens language > select Disk Utility and click Continue. From the Disk Utility screen, select Macintosh HD Hard Drive in the sidebar and click Extinguish.

Erase Macintosh HD using Disk Utility

4. On the next screen, select the disk format (APFS for macOS High Sierra or later versions). Select for older macOS versions macOS Extended (Journalized) format and click Extinguish.

Choose APFS format

5. Wait patiently for the formatting process to complete. When the factory reset process is complete, exit Disk Utility and you will be returned to the macOS Utilities screen.

6. Back on the macOS Utilities screen, select reinstall macOS option and click Continue and follow the onscreen instructions to reinstall macOS on your device.

2. Factory Reset MacBook (Intel Processor & T2 Processor)

Close the Mac (If it is open) and follow the steps below to factory reset MacBook with Intel based processor and Apple T2 security chip.

1. Press the power button Start Mac and press and hold immediately command + R Key. Continue holding the power button until you see the macOS Utilities screen.

macOS Utilities screen

If your MacBook doesn’t enter recovery mode using Command + R key combination, it is equipped with Apple T2 chip and you need to press options (old) + command + R Key.

2. Select macOS Utilities from the screen Disk Utility and click Continue. Select on the next screen Macintosh HD Hard Drive from the list in the left pane and click Extinguish.

Erase Macintosh HD using Disk Utility

3. On the next screen, select the disk format (APFS for macOS High Sierra or later versions). For older macOS versions, choose macOS Extended (Journalized) format and click delete.

Choose APFS format

4. Wait patiently for the formatting process to complete. When the factory reset process is complete Quit Disk Utility and this will bring you back to the macOS Utilities screen.

5. Back on the macOS Utilities screen, select reinstall macOS option and click Continue and follow the onscreen instructions to reinstall macOS on your device.

Related

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.