How to auto adjust column width and row height in Excel

It is possible to set up Microsoft Excel to automatically adjust its column widths and row heights to the size of the data entered. Below are the steps to automatically adjust column width and row height in Microsoft Excel.

Auto adjust column width in Excel

By default, Microsoft Excel columns and rows remain fixed in size and do not change as you enter data in the cells.

However, the AutoFit feature in Microsoft Excel allows you to modify the fixed grid-like structure and create an Excel worksheet to automatically adjust its column widths and row heights to the size of the data entered.

This can be achieved through the AutoFit feature in Microsoft Excel, which is designed to automatically resize columns and rows based on the size of the data input.

Limitations of Excel’s AutoFit feature

Before proceeding with the steps to automatically adjust column width and row height in Excel, you need to be aware of the following limitations of this feature.

  1. The default size of an Excel column is 8.43 characters and cannot be wider than 255 characters.
  2. The default size of an Excel row is 15 (1/5 inch) and cannot be larger than 409 points or 4.68 inches.
  3. If you set column width or row height to zero, they will be hidden.

Note: Font size, italics, bold, and special characters can reduce the number of characters an Excel column can hold.

1. Automatically adjust column width in Excel

Follow the steps below to auto fit columns in Excel

1. Open a Microsoft Excel worksheet.

2. Enter a little longer than 8 characters Column A and you will see the input flow into the adjacent columns.

Data overflowing column width in Excel

3. Now choose Column A > click on the home tab in the top ribbon and look for the format Option in the Cells section of the menu.

Format Cells option in Excel

4. Then click on the format and select Adjust column width automatically option in the drop down menu.

Auto adjust column width in Excel

Once you click on AutoFit Column width you will see Column A Automatically adjust the width to the size of the input data.

Auto fit Excel column to data size

In addition to the AutoFit Column Width option, the Format drop-down menu also offers Column Width and Default Width options.

Column width: If you select this option, you can manually change the width of a column by entering the required size.

Standard width: Selecting this option changes the default width of columns for the entire worksheet.

Adjust column width automatically: When you select this option, the column is automatically resized to fit the length of the contents of the cell in the column that occupies the most space.

2. Fast Way to Auto Adjust Column Width in Excel

Instead of going through menus, you can auto-fit a column by selecting the column and double-clicking on the selected column’s boundary.

Just select them Split you want to auto-adjust and double-click it right side border the selected column.

Fast automatic column width adjustment in Excel

You will immediately see that the column automatically adjusts its width to the size of the data entry.

You can reset all column widths to their default width (8.43) at any time by selecting format > standard width and enter 8.43.

3. Adjust row height automatically in Excel

In general, Microsoft Excel automatically adjusts the row height to the height of the entered data. Therefore, the AutoFit Row Height function is rarely used in Excel.

In older versions of Excel, you may find that row heights are not automatically adjusted when you paste data into the Excel worksheet.

In this case, you can fix the problem simply by selecting that The line with the oversized text and click format > Adjust row height automatically.

Adjust row height automatically in Excel

This causes Microsoft Excel to automatically change the row height to match the height of the data being pasted.

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