Poland will finally have access to the aid it can claim (€ 23.9 billion in grants and € 11.5 billion in very favorable loans) under the € 750 billion European stimulus plan. More than a year after Warsaw officially requested it, the European Commission has given the go-ahead on Wednesday 1er June. To mark the occasion, its president, Ursula von der Leyen, was due to travel to Warsaw on Thursday afternoon, where she was scheduled to meet with Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki and Polish President, Andrzej Duda. The Council of Member States now has one month to ratify this decision.
In the early summer of 2021, the EU executive was ready to validate Warsaw’s recovery plan. But a decision by the Polish Supreme Court forced him to change his plans: on July 14, it ruled that the decisions of the Court of Justice of the European Union against the judicial reforms of the government of Mateusz Morawiecki were unconstitutional. , thus challenging the primacy of European law, at the heart of community building.
As a result, Ursula von der Leyen, who until then had not made the reform of Polish justice a condition for the release of aid under the European stimulus plan, had to revise her specifications. In this context, it set three conditions in Warsaw: the abolition of the Supreme Court’s disciplinary chamber, which was seen as a tool for the political repression of judges, the rehabilitation of judges who had been sanctioned by that chamber, and a reform of the disciplinary system.
None of these three conditions are met today. Only a presidential bill to replace the Supreme Court’s disciplinary chamber with a new body is being passed. Although this text does not meet the requirements of Brussels, it is considered a first step and allows the Commission to move forward without dedication. “Actually, it doesn’t fix anything.”it is judged in the entourage of a European Commissioner.
“It’s not a blank check”
The war in Ukraine has changed things. It allowed Ursula von der Leyen to unblock the situation, although, in essence, Poland has not, at this stage, undertaken sufficient reforms to restore its independence. justice widely gagged by the Law and Justice Party (PiS) to power. Since the Russian aggression on February 24, the country has hosted 2.5 million refugees and played the partition of a united European Union against Moscow. The major “Action for Ukraine” conference, organized by the European Commission and the Government of Canada to raise funds for refugees, was held in Warsaw on April 9.
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