Presse Santé

9 most common diseases and digestive disorders

If you have pain in your abdomen or intestines, you may have one of the following conditions. Most people do not like to talk about it, but it is common to have a gastrointestinal problem.
It is not necessary to suffer in silence. Here is a complete overview of the nine most common digestive disorders, their symptoms, and the most effective treatments available. If you think you may have any of these problems, do not hesitate to talk to a healthcare professional.

1. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

When stomach acid builds up in the esophagus, you may feel a burning pain in the middle of your chest. This often happens after meals or at night. It is common for people to suffer from occasional gastric reflux and heartburn, and having symptoms that affect daily life or occur at least twice a week could be a sign of GERD. It is a very common chronic digestive disease. If you experience persistent heartburn, shortness of breath, tooth decay, nausea, chest or upper abdomen pain, or have difficulty swallowing or breathing, consult your doctor. doctor.

Relief is found by avoiding foods and beverages that trigger their symptoms and / or taking over-the-counter antacids. In addition, lifestyle changes such as raising the head of the bed, not lying down after a meal, avoiding overly tight clothing, and quitting smoking can also help.

2. Gallstones

Gallstones are hard deposits that form in your gallbladder. It is a small pear-shaped bag that stores and secretes bile for digestion. Gallstones can form when your bile contains too much cholesterol or waste, or if your gallbladder is not emptying properly.

When gallstones block the ducts that lead from the gallbladder to the intestines, they can cause acute pain in the upper right part of the abdomen. Medications sometimes dissolve gallstones, but if that doesn’t work, the next step is surgery to remove the gallbladder.

3. Celiac disease

More than 80% of people with celiac disease do not know that they have it or have been misdiagnosed.

Celiac disease is a severe sensitivity to gluten, a protein found in wheat, rye and barley. Eat gluten, and your immune system will start to attack. It damages your villi, those finger-shaped bumps in your small intestine that help you absorb nutrients from the food you eat. In children, symptoms may include abdominal pain and bloating, diarrhea, constipation, vomiting, and weight loss. In adults, symptoms may also include anemia, fatigue, bone loss, depression, and pain attacks.

However, some people may have no symptoms. The only treatment for celiac disease is to avoid eating gluten completely. Common gluten alternatives are brown rice, quinoa, lentils, soy flour, cornmeal.

4. Crohn’s disease

Crohn’s disease is part of a group of digestive disorders called inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract but most often affects the terminal ileum, which connects the end of the small intestine and the beginning of the colon.

Doctors are not sure about the cause of the disease. But they think genetics and family history could play a role. The most common symptoms of Crohn’s disease are abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, weight loss, and fever. Avoiding trigger foods such as dairy products, soft drinks, alcohol, coffee, raw fruits and vegetables, red meat, and fatty, fried, spicy, or fatty foods can also help prevent outbreaks.

5. Ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative colitis is another fairly common inflammatory bowel disease. The symptoms of ulcerative colitis are very similar to those of Crohn’s disease, but the affected part of the digestive tract is only the large intestine, also known as the colon.

If your immune system confuses food or other matter with invaders, sores or ulcers develop in the colon wall. If you have frequent and urgent stools, pain with diarrhea, blood in your stools, or abdominal cramps, see your doctor.

Eliminating foods that cause discomfort can help. In severe cases, treatment for ulcerative colitis may require surgery to remove the colon.

6. Irritable bowel syndrome

Is your digestive tract irritable? Do you have stomach pain or discomfort at least three times a month for several months? It can be irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), another common digestive disorder.

Signs of IBS can vary greatly, from hard, dry stools one day to soft, liquid stools the other day. Bloating is also a symptom of IBS.

The causes of IBS are unknown. The treatment of symptoms is largely based on diet. Such as eating low-fat, high-fiber meals and avoiding common triggers (dairy, alcohol, caffeine, artificial sweeteners, and gas-producing foods). FODMAP-poor diet has also been shown to reduce IBS symptoms. It consists of eliminating foods rich in certain carbohydrates called FODMAP: fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols.

In addition, beneficial bacteria, such as probiotics in live yogurts, can help you feel better. Stress can trigger IBS symptoms. This is why some people find that cognitive-behavioral therapy or other anti-stress methods are also helpful treatments.

7. Hemorrhoids

The presence of bright red blood in the toilet bowl when you go to the toilet can be a sign of hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoids are an inflammation of the blood vessels at the end of your digestive tract that can be painful and itchy. Causes include chronic constipation, diarrhea, bowel movements, and a lack of fiber in the diet.

Treat hemorrhoids by eating more fiber, drinking more water, and exercising. Over-the-counter creams and suppositories can temporarily relieve the symptoms of hemorrhoids. Consult your doctor if home treatments do not help. Sometimes a hemorrhoidectomy is needed to surgically remove the hemorrhoids.

8. Diverticulitis

Small pockets called diverticula can form where there are weak spots in the wall of your digestive system. They are most often found in the colon. If you have diverticula but no symptoms, the condition is called diverticulosis. It is quite common in the elderly and rarely causes problems. About half of people have diverticulosis before the age of 50. But in about 5% of people, the pockets become inflamed or infected, it’s diverticulitis. Symptoms include fever, chills, nausea, and abdominal pain. Obesity is a major risk factor for diverticulitis.

Mild diverticulitis is treated with antibiotics and a clear liquid diet so that the colon can heal. A low-fiber diet could be the cause of diverticulitis. Therefore, your doctor may advise you to follow a high-fiber diet. Including: whole grains, legumes, vegetables.

If you have severe seizures that recur frequently, you may need surgery to remove the diseased part of your colon.

9. Anal fissure

Anal fissures are tiny oval-shaped tears in the wall of the end of your digestive tract called the anus. The symptoms are similar to those of hemorrhoids. Like bleeding and pain after defecating. Hard, hard stools can cause cracks, but also soft stools and diarrhea.

A high-fiber diet that makes your stools well-formed and bulky is often the best treatment for this common digestive condition. Chronic fissures may require operation of the anal sphincter muscle.

* Presse Santé strives to transmit health knowledge in a language accessible to all. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE INFORMATION GIVEN REPLACE THE CONSULTATION OF A HEALTH PROFESSIONAL.

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